Last February, the justice François Huot of the superior Court has imposed Alexandre Bissonnette 40 years in prison for the murder of six people.
December 15, 2019 21h08
Back on the judicial year 2019 in Quebec
The Canadian Press
The year 2019 will have been the one in which prison sentences record has been requested for deadly quebec, including a 150 years for the shooter of the mosque of Quebec Alexandre Bissonnette. The year was also marked by collective actions in the environment in order to compensate all Quebecers for the pollution and impact of climate change. Here is a feedback on the judicial year in Quebec.
These demands for heavier punishments are relatively new in Quebec, as in other canadian provinces. They were made possible by an amendment to the criminal Code in 2011.
Normally, a murder carries a penalty of up to life in prison, without the possibility of parole before 25 years of age. If there are multiple murders, the Code now allows you to add up these periods of 25 years, to kick off a by murder.
As Alexandre Bissonnette has shot dead six worshippers at the mosque of Quebec in January 2017 — in addition to several wounded — one arrives at this total by 150 years, the Crown has claimed.
Bissonnette has pleaded guilty to the killings in 2018 and in February of last year, the justice François Huot of the superior Court imposed 40 years in prison.
He called “unreasonable” the proposal of the prosecution, who claimed that Alexander Bissonnette purging up to 150 years in prison before they can apply for parole. “When incarceration exceeds the life expectancy, the goals lose their relevance,” said the judge Huot.
The story does not end there. Both Bissonnette, the Crown and the attorney general of Quebec, have extended the term of the sentence on appeal. The lawyers Bissonnette also dispute the verdict of guilt and the constitutionality of the article of the criminal Code which allows the cumulation of sentences. On appeal, the Crown revised its position and now demands 50 years in prison.
Convicted of two murders in the 1st degree last October, Ugo Fredette challenges his conviction on appeal. As to its penalty, it has not yet been pronounced.
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Ugo Fredette, himself, has been convicted of two murders in the 1st degree last October. On September 14, 2017, he first killed his ex-spouse Veronica Beard-of-17 shots knife in it. During his run, he crossed Yvon Lacasse in a roadside rest area to Lachute and robbed him of his vehicle to continue his flight. The man, 71-year-old died of multiple fractures to his head.
As there has been two murders, the Crown will require 50 years in prison before any possibility of parole, or the overlapping of two periods of 25 years. It submits in particular that the two murders as a result of events completely separate.
Fredette is contesting his conviction on appeal, and, as Bissonnette, the constitutionality of the same article of the criminal Code. As to its penalty, it has not yet been pronounced. Moreover, it will not be before the outcome of the appeal in the case of Bissonnette.
Before them, the record of the sentence, the more severe the modern history of Quebec was held by Benjamin Hudon-Barbeau to have ordered the murder of two men to his right hand man in 2012. Known for his spectacular escape by helicopter from the prison of Saint-Jérôme, the man was sentenced in 2018 to spend at least the next 35 years behind bars.
Dieselgate and the federal
The Association québécoise de lutte contre la pollution atmosphérique (AQLPA) has managed to allow in 2018 a collective action against Volkswagen and Audi to try to get compensation for all residents of the province of Québec who have breathed the air polluted by their cars. This action arose out of the scandal of Dieselgate had broken out in 2015 : it was at this time revealed that Volkswagen and Audi had installed on some of their vehicles fuel diesel a software that could distort the test results of pollutant emissions.
The supreme Court of Canada was dismissed in November the appeal of the car manufacturers who were trying to get rid of the action. This allows him now to go through all the steps leading up to the trial.
Trying to protect the planet, a group of young people in Quebec took to the federal government. He asked the court, in the name of all the 35 years and under, to authorize a collective action against Ottawa. They resented his inaction in the fight against climate change, and want it to be forced to act.
In July, the superior Court refused to authorize the action. But young people do not drop the arms, and had carried the cause by appeal.
Medical aid to die
John Truchon and Nicole Gladu are the two Quebecers who have dealt at arm’s length the challenge of the law on medical assistance to die, as well as with degenerative diseases and incurable illnesses, they were not eligible.
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In September, a judgment of the superior Court has expanded the medical assistance to die, making it potentially more accessible to a greater number of people in the country. Nicole Gladu and Jean Truchon are the two Quebecers who have dealt at arm’s length from the dispute of the laws, as well as with degenerative diseases and incurable illnesses, they were not eligible to medical assistance to die.
This judgement has invalidated the criteria of the federal criminal Code that restricted it to those whose “natural death is reasonably foreseeable” and that of the quebec Bill on end of life care, which required that the applicant be “end of life”.
The government did not appeal this ruling.
A girl of seven years died at Granby last spring under circumstances extremely troubling, after having been the subject of a report to the DYP. Criminal charges have been brought against the father and stepmother of the little girl.
The death of the girl has shaken the Quebec and led to the creation of a special commission on the rights of the child and youth protection, which monitors the operation of the DYP.
Michel Cadotte was found guilty of the manslaughter of his wife has Alzheimer’s disease, and was sentenced in may to a prison sentence of two years less a day.
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The man, 58-year-old was found guilty of the manslaughter of his wife, and was sentenced in may to a prison sentence of two years less a day.
During his trial, Mr. Cadotte, confessed to having suffocated in 2017, his wife, aged 60 years, Jocelyne Lizotte, who was residing in a CHSLD. She was suffering from Alzheimer’s disease at an advanced stage, and could not talk nor take care of herself.
This case has raised many questions about the exhaustion and distress of family caregivers.