The draft law on the new mode of election quebec will be subject to public hearings beginning Wednesday.
20 January 2020 23h06
Mode of voting: more young people, more women, less of regions
Quota for young candidates, male / female parity, better regional representation. The improvements claimed are many to the draft law on the new electoral system of quebec, which will be submitted to public hearings beginning Wednesday.
The government of the Coalition avenir Québec (CAQ) is folded on a referendum held at the same time as the provincial general election of 2022 to propose its reform to citizens. A strategy that some see as a way to promote the status quo.
The opportunity to move from our good old plurality vote to a tour to a new proportional voting, mixed compensatory occurs at a time when, for the first time in the history of Quebec, four political parties are officially recognized to the national Assembly.
According to the proposal of the minister of Justice, Sonia LeBel, the 125-seat constituencies, the current would be maintained in the number, but rather divided into 80-seat constituencies and 45 seats of regional compensation.
To study bill 39, the Committee on institutions heard to 35 individuals, groups, and organizations of all spheres of the society wishing to comment on the issue. The five days of hearings will take place on 22 and 23 January, and then from 4 to 6 February.
The Sun fis a tower of the question with these four stakeholders, all favourable to a change in the voting method.
Mercédez Roberge, researcher and author of the book “elections to reinvent”
“The first quality of this draft law is to exist, because in 2004, it was a draft bill. But is used without adapting to the administrative regions, which are unbalanced in population and number of seats. Be necessary to bring together the regions bordering that already have links to make an election area, such as Lanaudière and the Laurentians, for example. In the bill, the populations of 11 of the 17 administrative regions have a proportionality deficient, because not enough large to be effective.
“Wasted votes [for a candidate that is not elected] will continue to lose because of the electoral regions are too small,” said Ms. Roberge, who proposes to reduce from 17 to between 8 and 10 the number of electoral regions. In 2007, the Director general of elections argued that the ideal number of nine regions.
Lower the 10% threshold of votes necessary at national level for access to the compensatory seats is another change essential to “promote the small parties, while “most countries do not exceed 5 % and that it has no reason to exceed 2, 3 %”.
The addition of mandatory measures to promote the candidacies of women and persons racialized is crucial, while the holding of a referendum and the inadequate funding of camps referenda show that, in total, the underskirt exceeds” in favour of the status quo in minister LeBel and the government Legault.
Daye Diallo, president of Force Jeunesse
“The reform should require the parties to have quotas of young people on their voters list. There are concrete examples, as in Sweden, where they require a minimum of 25 % of candidates of less than 35 years.
“A referendum is not a bad idea, but it should be organized before the general election of 2022, in order not to dilute the issue in the elections.” If ever there is insufficient time to implement the new voting system, the elections of 2022, could arrange under the former system.
“It is also desirable that the electoral lists are in the area of parity, that is to say, at least 45 % of women. All of that to fight cynicism among young people than among the general population. When we feel represented, we will further vote. And a diversity of ideas can only improve the situation of Québec.”
The québec elections of 2018, 12 of the 125 elected officials were under 35 years of age, or 9.6 %.
45 % OF CANDIDATES
Esther Lapointe, executive director of the Group Women, Politics and Democracy
“For the first time that a text of law in Quebec has two articles related to parity. Measures low, but to us the better!
“For us, gender has always been 50-50. But it is proposed to impose candidates of the constituencies in the area 45 %-55 %, for a balance of 50% is difficult to maintain. It is considered that 45-55 for nominations we are sure to find at least in an area of 40-60 of women elected. It is mathematical, they can’t all be elected! In 2018, there has been a 47 % of women and 42 % of women. As for the lists of compensation, they must be joint, with a list of two starting with a woman.
“To hold the referendum at the same time as the election campaign is not a good idea. But more important, the elements of parity should not be subjected to a referendum. These articles shall enter into force upon the adoption of the act and apply” regardless of the outcome thereafter.
ENSURE THE STABILITY
Denis Bolduc, secretary general of the Fédération des travailleurs et travailleuses du Québec (FTQ)
“François Legault had promised a reform, but without referendum. Of the members of the CAQ, however, have shown a bit of resistance, and Mr. Legault has been sensitive to that. To hold a referendum on the issue, one wonders if this is not a way to torpedo the reform!
“By the way, this voting method increases the likelihood of minority governments, but the bill does not contain a measure to ensure political stability, as exists in Germany. Nothing to frame the votes of confidence and to avoid that the government is to break through at any end of the field.
“About the parity between men and women, it is necessary to go further than to ask for simple statements of intent in political parties. There should be financial incentives or penalties for parties that do not make the effort to nominate candidates on an equal basis.”
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